- Day 1 is a 1) ladder workout followed by 2) 2-3 agility drills, typically done with the team or pod or before a practice.
- When doing workouts together, always do agility ladder first, followed by agility drills, then speed exercises, and conditioning last to preserve fast-twitch muscle tissue.
Agility Ladder Drills
- Do a full warm-up with a dynamic portion and simple ladder exercises.
- Complete each exercise once all the way through the ladder and jog back to starting position; switch starting legs each rep (e.g. start with right foot, turn right, then turn left when starting with left foot).
- Always start slowly to learn proper technique, then increase speed as skill increases..
- Use quick, purposeful steps, putting force into the ground and minimizing ground contact time. Keep the chest over or slightly ahead of the feet at all times.
- For a challenge try looking up instead of at your feet, or go backwards instead of forwards.
Complete x 4 reps of each exercise, alternating starting legs; rest in x 10-30’’ between reps, or complete drills in groups of 3 or 4.
For ‘with Disc’, set up 2 cones ~5-10 yards to the right and left of the ladder at a diagonal. Have the next person stand about ~20 yards from the end of the ladder. As the person reaches the end of the ladder, the partner throws the disc to one cone or the other. *NOTE: The thrower must be ready and facing the direction of the cone you want to throw to. Release the disc as they look up to give them a chance to react.
In-Out Shuffle with Disc
- Start facing sideways to an agility ladder (e.g. the ladder is on your left or right).
- Step with the leading foot, one at a time into the first rung, then step OUTSIDE the next rung with both feet, one at a time.
- Continue alternating inside the rung/outside the rung, touching both feet inside out outside each rung with both feet.
*PRO TIP: Use the arms held by the sides at 90 degrees to balance and help put force into the ground. Arms should move with the legs as in running.
Icky Shuffle with Disc
- Start on the left side of the ladder facing forward
- Step laterally with the right foot into the first square, then place the left foot inside the first square
- Step laterally again with the right foot to the outside of the ladder, then advance the left foot into the next square of the ladder
- Bring the right foot inside the square with the left foot, then step laterally with the left foot to the left side (outside) of the ladder
- Step laterally with the right foot to the next square, bringing the left foot to meet it inside the square, then step with the right foot to the outside of the next square, etc. .
Hop Scotch with Disc
- Start facing the ladder with both feet outside the first rung
- Jump with both feet into the first square, then immediately jump with both feet to the outside of the next square
- Continue jumping with both feet to the inside of the next square, etc.
- Complete workouts after a general & dynamic warm-up.
- Set up cones for each drill.
- Complete sets and reps as indicated, staying low during transitions.
- For 'with Disc', have a partner stand about ~15 yards back from the end of the drill, and toss the disc to your partner during the drill as instructed.
- Rest x ~3-5’ (minutes) between sets.
Drill #1: Zig-Zag Cone Drill with Disc
- Start in a 2-point stance facing the line of cones going away from you
- Quickly step forward and diagonally with the right foot to the right of the first cone, then slide the left foot next to the right foot (keep off the ground)
- Lead with the left foot to the left side of the next cone and then slide the right foot up to the left foot
- Zigzag through all the cones quickly and explosively, staying low and bending the knees into each jump (also incorporate shin angle).
- As you finish the drill, catch a disc from a partner.
Drill #2: Z-Pattern Runs with Disc (Serpentines)
- Start in a two-point stance at the first cone and sprint diagonally to the second cone
- Stop aggressively OUTSIDE the cone, and plant both feet in a low, athletic position, and using the arms in opposing motion, run around the cone, turning the hips toward the next cone in one step. FORM TIP: Drive the knee up and then the foot down aggressively to accelerate toward the next cone
- Continue cutting sharply AROUND each cone, staying low, planting with both feet and driving the outside knee
- At the last cone, sprint straight forward as if into a cut.
*Decelerate as hard as you accelerated. Turn sharply at each cone in 1 step, planting the outside foot with a defined shin angle. Drive the knee on the outside foot and lean into the cut as the foot hits the ground.
SPEED IV & CONDITIONING II
- For Speed IV workouts*, set up cones at 0 and ~25 yards
- Complete exercises over specified distance there and back unless otherwise indicated.
- For hurdles, set up 8 hurdles, 8-12 inches apart, or use tall cones.
- Rest ~10-30 seconds between exercises, extra 30’’ rest every 3 exercises
- Rest ~2-3 minutes between sets
*NOTE: You will need a set of 8 hurdles, 4-12 inches tall for this workout.
- For Conditioning workouts, set out cones at stated distances.
- Complete shuttles down and back for the number of reps indicated.
- Keep good posture while running, drive knees up, and regulate breathing through the abdomen.
- If necessary, intervals of equal intensity and time may also be done on a bike, rower, elliptical, swimming, running, or any other approved cardiovascular activity.
SPEED IV Workout
- Wall Slides
- Hurdle or Cone Single-leg Run-Through
- Hurdle or Cone Run-Through
- Hurdle or Cone Fast Legs
- Falling Starts
- Moye Starts, 4-point
- Moye Starts, 3-point
- Basic 40-yard model
- Toe Walks
- Heel Walks
*Set up cones at 0 and 25 yards; Rest x 2-3’ (minutes) between sets.
- Sprint out and back x 25 yards x 3 (150-yard shuttle) in ~30 seconds
- Rest x 30’’
- x 3 reps = 1 set
- x 4 sets total
Suggested Times, 150-yard shuttle (for conditioning and speed endurance, not absolute speed):
- Excellent – 28 seconds or less
- Great – 30 seconds or less
- Good – 32 seconds or less
- Standard – 35 seconds or less